THE INDIAN KIRATA'S

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Published on May 25 ,2013 by Arabindu Debbarma

The original inhabitants of the Dooars region of India, the Koch and Mech, cal themselves to be Kiratis and so do the Bodo and Kachari tribes of Assam. They derive their titles from the original place of their dwelling, "Koch" from the Kosi River, "Mech" from the Mechi River and "Kachari" is derived from Kachar which means river basin.in epic like ramayana & mahabarata the indo-Mongoloid are term as kirats.according to rajmala the chronical of king of Tripura, Tripura was known as eastern kirata desha.thus the Tibo-burman speaker fall under the kirat groups are-bodos, mech, tipra, garo, dimasa, karbi, mising, tiwa, kachari...

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10 comments

  • matthew mann
    matthew mann 3 weeks ago 0432

    Original people's of North East India And Nepal were and are Yellow Mongoloids

    Reply
  • Biswash Rai
    Biswash Rai a month ago 3823

    You well search Kirat Rai utube Internet Facebook everywhere Kiratrai is One of The Major Tribe in Kirat History and Civilization

    Reply
  • Pabitra Baro
    Pabitra Baro a month ago 3447

    Jay boro people

    Reply
  • Biswash Rai
    Biswash Rai a month ago 1542

    https://youtu.be/m_L1C8caTYU please watch Kirat Rai photo gallery

    Reply
  • Biswash Rai
    Biswash Rai a month ago 0721

    Yalamber or Yalambar, Yalamwar, Yalamver (Nepali: यलम्बर) was a Kirat warrior and First King of Kirata Kingdom in Nepal. He established Kirata Kingdom in 1500 B.C.[1] He shifted his capital from Yalung to Thankotafter conquering Central Nepal and his kingdom extended from river Trisuli in the west to river Teesta in the east.[2][1]

    First Kirat King


    Yalambar

    Native name

    यलम्बर

    OccupationWarriorKnown forFirst Kirat King of Nepal

    The epic Mahabharata mentions the Kiratasamong the inhabitants of Nepal. Kirati king Yalambar had the dubious honor of being slain in the battle of the Mahabharata, in which gods and mortals fought alongside each other. Legend credits him with meeting Indra, the lord of heaven, who ventured into the Valley in human guise. It is said that during the battle of Mahabharata, Yalamber went to witness the battle with a view to take the side of the losing party. Lord Krishna, knowing the intention of Yalamber and the strength and unity of the Kiratas, thought that the war would unnecessarily be prolonged if Yalamber sided with the Kauravas. So, by a clever stroke of diplomacy, Lord Krishna cut off Yalamber's head. So, in his honour indrajatra was putten and his head was worship as god Akash Bhairav.[3]

    His dynasty was succeeded by Licchavi (kingdom). His successors ruled Kathmandu valley for about 31 generations which lasted nearly 1903 years 8 months. A list of all 32 Kirat Kings is given below:

    List of Kirat KingsEdit

    According to Mahabharata, chronicle of Bansawali William Kirk Patrick[4] and Daniel Wright,[5] The kirat kings were

    King Shree Yelam - 90 years/१। राजा श्री एलम् - ९० वर्ष,

    King Shree Pelam - 81 years/राजा श्री पेलं - ८१ वर्ष,

    King Shree Melam - 89 years/राजा श्री मेलं - ८९ वर्ष,

    King Shree Changming - 42 years/राजा श्री चंमिं - ४२ वर्ष,

    King Shree Dhakang - 37 years/राजा श्री धस्कं - ३७ वर्ष,

    King Shree Walangcha - 31 years 6 months/राजा श्री वलंच - ३१ वर्ष ६ महिना,

    King Shree Hungting - 40 years 8 months/राजा श्री हुतिं - ४० वर्ष ८ महिना,

    King Shree Hoorma - 50 years/राजा श्री हुरमा - ५० वर्ष,

    King Shree Tooske - 41 years 8 months/राजा श्री तुस्के - ४१ वर्ष ८ महिना,

    King Shree Prasaphung - 38 years 6 months/राजा श्री प्रसफुं - ३८ वर्ष ६ महिना,

    King Shree Pawa: - 46 years/राजा श्री पवः - ४६ वर्ष,

    King Shree Daasti - 40 years/राजा श्री दास्ती - ४० वर्ष,

    King Shree Chamba - 71 years/राजा श्री चम्ब - ७१ वर्ष,

    King Shree Kongkong - 54 years/राजा श्री कंकं - ५४ वर्ष,

    King Shree Swananda - 40 years 6 months/राजा श्री स्वनन्द - ४० वर्ष ६ महिना,

    King Shree Phukong - 58 years/राजा श्री फुकों - ५८ वर्ष,

    King Shree Singhu - 49 years 6 months/राजा श्री शिंघु - ४९ वर्ष ६ महिना,

    King Shree Joolam - 73 years 3 months/राजा श्री जुलम् - ७३ वर्ष ३ महिना,

    King Shree Lookang - 40 years/राजा श्री लुकं - ४० वर्ष,

    King Shree Thoram - 71 years/राजा श्री थोरम् - ७१ वर्ष,

    King Shree Thuko - 83 years/राजा श्री थुको - ८३ वर्ष,

    King Shree Barmma - 73 years 6 months/राजा श्री वर्म्म - ७३ वर्ष ६ महिना,

    King Shree Gunjong - 72 years 7 months/राजा श्री गुंजं ७२ वर्ष ७ महिना,

    King Shree Pushka - 81 years/राजा श्री पुस्क - ८१ वर्ष,

    King Shree Tyapamee - 54 years/राजा श्री त्यपमि - ५४ वर्ष,

    King Shree Moogmam - 58 years/राजा श्री मुगमम् - ५८ वर्ष,

    King Shree Shasaru - 63 years/राजा श्री शसरू - ६३ वर्ष,

    King Shree Goongoong - 74 years/राजा श्री गंणं - ७४ वर्ष,

    King Shree Khimbung - 76 years/राजा श्री खिम्बुं - ७६ वर्ष,

    King Shree Girijung - 81 years/राजा श्री गिरीजं - ८१ वर्ष,

    King Shree Khurangja - 78 years/राजा श्री खुरांज - ७८ वर्ष,

    King Shree Gasti - 58 years/राजा श्री खिगु - ८५ वर्ष

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  • Biswash Rai
    Biswash Rai a month ago 0554

    Kirata Kingdom (Kirat) in Sanskrit literature and Hindu mythology refers to any kingdom of the Kirata people, who were dwellers mostly in the Himalayas (mostly eastern Himalaya). They took part in the Kurukshetra War along with Parvatas (mountaineers) and other Himalayan tribes. They were widespread in the folds and valleys of Himalayas in Nepaland Bhutan, and also in Indian states of Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Darjeeling (West Bengal), Sikkim Assam and Tripura including west mountain of Pakistan. Kirata dynasty was established by the king Yalamber

    References in MahabharataEdit

    The Kamvojas, Gandharas, Kiratas and Barbaras were mentioned together as northern tribes at (12,206).

    The Yavanas, the Kiratas, the Gandharvas, the Chinas, the Savaras, the Barbaras, the Sakas, the Tusharas, the Kankas, the Pathavas, the Andhras, the Madrakas, the Paundras, the Pulindas, the Ramathas, the Kamvojas were mentioned together as tribes beyond the kingdoms of Aryavarta. The Aryavarta-kings had doubts on dealing with them. (12,64)

    Kiratas as a Mlechha tribeEdit

    Kiratas were mentioned along with Pulindasand Chinas, Hunas, Pahlavas, Sakas, Yavanas, Savaras, Paundras, Kanchis, Dravidas, Sinhalas and Keralas. All these tribes were described as Mlechha tribes. Here they were described as the protectors of sage Vasisthaand his cow against the attack of the king Viswamitra. (1,177).

    Territories of KiratasEdit

    Kirata territories extended along the Himalayan belt of mountain ranges.

    Kiratas of diverse regions in ancient IndiaEdit

    Numberless chiefs of the Kiratas, armed with hunting weapons and ever engaged in hunting activities, eating of fruits and roots and attired in skins (animal-skins or tree-barks), were mentioned to dwell on the northern slopes of the Himavat (Tibet) and on the mountain from behind which the sun rises (Arunachal Pradesh) and in the region of Karusha on the sea-coast (could be the mouths of Ganges in Bangladesh or the mouths of Sindhu in Pakistan) and on both sides of the Lohitya mountains (in eastern Assam and western Arunachal Pradesh). They were mentioned as bringing tribute to Yudhishthira during his Rajasuya sacrifice. They brought with them, loads upon loads of sandal and aloe as also black aloe, and heaps upon heaps of valuable skins and gold and perfumes, and ten thousand serving-girls of their own race, and many beautiful animals and birds of remote countries, and much gold of great splendour procured from mountains (2,51). The Kairatas (Kiratas), the Daradas, the Darvas, the Suras, the Vaiamakas, the Audumvaras, the Durvibhagas, the Kumaras, the Paradas along with the Vahlikas, the Kashmiras, the Ghorakas also were mentioned, here as bringin tributes

    The various tribes of Kiratas were mentioned along with the Pahlavas and the Daradas and Yavanas and Sakas and the Harahunas and Chinas and Tukharas and the Sindhavas and the Jagudas and the Ramathas and the Mundas and the inhabitants of the kingdom of women and the Tanganas and the Kekayasand the Malavas and the inhabitants of Kasmira. They were described as accepting the sway of Yudhishthira, performing various offices in his palace. (3,51)

    The Kiratas, fierce in battle, dwelling in the fastness of Himavat, were vanquished by Karna for the sake of Duryodhana (7,4).

    Kiratas under the Himalayan kingdom called PulindaEdit

    Pulinda king is described as the king of Kiratas also at (2,4). He is said to attend the inauguration of the new court of Pandava king Yudhishthira at Indraprastha along with many other kings of Ancient India (Bharata Varsha). His kingdom lay close to the Kailas range in Tibet.

    Domains of king Suvahu, the lord of the Pulindas, is mentioned as situated on the Himalayas abounding in horses and elephants, densely inhabited by the Kiratas and the Tanganas, crowded by hundreds of Pulindas, frequented by the exotic tribes, and rife with wonders. Pandavas stayed here for some time on their onward-journey to the Himalayan regions (3,140).

    Then all those warriors, viz the Pandavashaving in due course happily lived at Badari (Badrinath, Uttarakhand), for one month, proceeded towards the realm of Suvahu, king of the Kiratas, by following the same track by which they had come. And crossing the difficult Himalayan regions, and the countries of China, Tukhara, Darada and all the climes of Kulinda, rich in heaps of jewels, those warlike men reached the capital of Suvahu (3,176).

    Their final destination was the source of Yamuna. Thus they could have made a circular path, from Badari (Badrinath) to Tibet and Kashmir and finally to Himachal Pradesh.

    Kiratas under Paundraka VasudevaEdit

    There was a king named Paundraka Vasudeva, who was an enemy of Vasudeva Krishna. This king used to dress like Vasudeva Krishan and mock him. He mentioned to rule over the kingdoms of Vanga (West Bengal), Pundra (north-Bangladesh) and Kiratas (2,14). The Kiratas mentioned here were those living in northern hilly regions of West Bengal, like the Darjiling area.

    Kiratas under BhagadattaEdit

    Kiratas (of Bhutan) and Chinas were mentioned as forming the army of Pragjyotisha (Assam) king Bhagadatta (5,19). This army took part in the Kurukshetra War for the sake of Kauravas and its size was one Akshouhini (a huge army unit).

    Kiratas conquered by BhimaEdit

    Bhima, during his military campaign in the eastern countries to collect tribute for Pandavaking Yudhishthira's Rajasuya sacrifice, conquered Kirata kings, close to the Videha Kingdom

    Bhima, the son of Pandu, sending forth expeditions from Videha Kingdom, conquered the seven kings of the Kiratas living about the Indra mountain (2,29). These were considered to be the Kiriatas in Nepal.

    Kiratas conquered by NakulaEdit

    Nakula during his military campaign in the western countries to collect tribute for Pandavaking Yudhishthira's Rajasuya sacrifice, conquered Kiratas in the western hills

    Nakula, the son of Pandu, then reduced to subjection the fierce Mlechchas residing on the sea coast (in Karachi area), as also the wild tribes of the Palhavas (an Iranian tribe), the Kiratas, the Yavanas and the Sakas (2,31). These Kiratas lied in the western mountains in Pakistan.

    Kiratas in Kurukhsetra WarEdit

    Kiratas (of Bhutan) and Chinas were part of the one Akshouhini of troops of Pragjyotisha(Assam) king Bhagadatta who joined the side of the Kauravas(5,19).

    Western Kiratas were mentioned along with the Sakas, and Yavanas, the Sivis and the Vasatis as marching in the huge army of Kauravas (5,198). The Sakas, the Kiratas, the Yavanas, and the Pahlavas were mentioned in a battle-array formed by the Kauravas (6,20). Similarly, they are mentioned in another battle-array formed on another day at (6,50).

    Words of Satyaki a Yadava chief on the side of Pandavas, during Kurukshetra War:- Those other elephants 700 in number, all cased in armour and ridden by Kiratas, and decked with ornaments, the king of the Kiratas, desirous of his life, had formerly presented to Arjuna. These were formerly employed in doing good to Yudhishthira. Behold the vicissitudes that time brings about, for these are now battling against Yudhishthira. Those elephants are ridden by Kiratas difficult of defeat in battle. They are accomplished in fighting from elephants and are all sprung from the race of Agni. Formerly, they were all vanquished in battle by Arjuna. They are now waiting for me carefully, under the orders of Duryodhana. Slaying with my shafts these Kiratas difficult of defeat in battle, I shall follow in the track of Arjuna (7,109).

    The Tusharas, the Yavanas, the Khasas, the Darvabhisaras, the Daradas, the Sakas, the Kamathas, the Ramathas, the Tanganas the Andhrakas (obviously not the southern Andhras), the Pulindas, the Kiratas of fierce prowess, the Mlecchas, the Mountaineers, and the races hailing from the sea-side, were all united in battle for the purpose of the Kaurava king Duryodhana. (8,73) The ruler of the Kiratas died in battle (8,5).

    Arjuna's conquests after Kurukhsetra WarEdit

    Countless was the fete of Kshatriyas, of kings in myriads, who fought with Arjuna on the occasion of his military campaign to collect tribute for Yudhishthira's Ashwamedhasacrifice, for having lost their kinsmen on the field of Kurukshetra. Innumerable Kiratas also and Yavanas, all excellent bowmen, and diverse tribes of Mlechechas too, who had been discomfited before (by the Pandavas on the field of Kurukshetra), and many Arya kings, possessed of soldiers and animals, encountered Arjuna in battle (14,73). He battled with the Kasis, the Angas, the Kosalas, the Kiratas, and the Tanganas (14,83)

    Absence of Brahmins among KiratasEdit

    The Mekalas, the Dravidas, the Lathas, the Paundras, the Konwasiras, the Saundikas, the Daradas, the Darvas, the Chauras, the Savaras, the Varvaras, the Kiratas, the Yavanas, Kambojas, Hunas, Sakas and numerous other tribes of Kshatriyas, have become degraded into the status of Sudras through the absence of Brahmanas. (13,35)

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  • Biswash Rai
    Biswash Rai a month ago 0306

    Kirat Rai Yayokkha

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    Kirat Rai Yayokkha is a social organization of the Kirat Rai, an indigenous ethnic group in Nepal that established in 1990 (2047 B.S.) "Kirat" is the root word of ancient tribes of Nepal. "Rai" word is one of the Kirat ethnic groups. Rai are the native or indigenous people of east Nepal. Rai people are very noble, democratic, skillful, brave, self-sufficient and friendly.

    Kirat Rai Yayokkha

    The Emblem of Kirat Rai Yayokkha

    Founded1990 (2047 B.S)TypeNon-governmental organization, Non-profit organizationFocusKirat Rai CommunityLocation

    Koteshwor, Nepal

    Area served

    WorldwideWebsitewww.kiratraiyayokkha.org

    The mission of Kirat Rai Yayokkha is to maintain social integrity, acquire equality and justice, by protecting, preserving and promoting distinct social and cultural identity and linguistic diversity of Kirat Rai. Kirat Rai Yayokkha a non-profit, non-political and non-governmental organization.

    Global PresenceEdit

    AustraliaEdit

    BruneiEdit

    IsraelEdit

    Hong KongEdit

    JapanEdit

    United States of AmericaEdit

    United Kirat Rai Organization of America was formed in 2007. Bhutanese Kirat Rai Organization of America, Inc. was formed in 2014. (Edited by Lachu Rai aka Bijaya Chamling, Treasurer, BKROA)

    United KingdomEdit

    United Arab EmiratesEdit

    See alsoEdit

    Kirat

    Rai people

    External linksEdit

    - Official web site of Kirat Rai Yayokkha Central Committee Nepal

    - Official web site of Kirat Rai Yayokkha in UK

    - Akhil Kirat Rai Sangh Sikkim, India

    - United Kirat Rai Organization of America, USA

    - Kirat Rai Yayokkha, Hong Kong

    - Kirat Welfare Society, Nepal

    - Online Library about kirat history and culture

    Rai Yayokhkha Branch-UAE

    Bhutanese Kirat Rai Organization of America, Inc. (Edited by Lachu Rai aka Bijaya Chamling, Treasurer, BKROA)

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  • Biswash Rai
    Biswash Rai 2 months ago 0625

    In Nepali Community Kirati Tribes are Rai Or Khambu , Limbu, Koich Sunuwar or Mukhia , Yakkha or Diwan , Other are Dhimal , Jerel, Thami , Koyu, hayu, and Majhi

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  • Biswash Rai
    Biswash Rai 2 months ago 0201

    Nepal is Called #Kiratdesh in Ancient Time During The Mahabharata period There are 32 #Kirat Kingdom Rule Above 2000 Years in Nepal history I proud to be kirat our ancestors are so brave

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  • Raju chongbang dhimal
    Raju chongbang dhimal 2 months ago 2858

    Hey here is some photos which is nepali people not indian

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